Fitness testing is a good way of identifying a person's strength's and weakness in terms of fitness. For example a person may have good strength but may not be good at running and tests can show that. Although tests can be beneficial in that respect they all have disadvantages including human error or lack of motivation that can affect the results therefore making the test possibly inaccurate. And if so it wouldn't be a good way of monitoring a person's fitness. Tests are also a great way to find out if a person has potential or the ability to be good at something i.e. a sport.
When an individual trains they need to, in order for training to work effectively, follow certain rules in to get the results they want. This assignment will look at the principles of training which will explains certain requirements that can make training effective but also apply the principles to going into the Public Services. Also this assignment will investigate different fitness tests and their worth in the British Army in particular.
Task 1:P3: Describe the effects of the principles of fitness in relation to performance It is important that training is effective because it improves our fitness and our ability to perform. The first principle is specificity and says that training should be relevant to what the person needs for example, a Rugby player doing cardiovascular and muscular endurance work is relevant to the game. Specificity in terms of the public services is quite important because fitness is required in all the uniformed services. In the Army cardiovascular endurance would be trained, as soldiers may be required to walk for long periods in order to get to a particular location.
(Honeybourne, 2003, p107) When people train regularly their body adapts to what they are doing and perhaps increasing muscular size or increasing their ability to run for longer (stamina). In order to increase fitness exercise should become gradually more difficult and in doing that putting more pressure on the body. The body then adapts to this making the body stronger. During basic training in the Army recruits have to improve their time in a 1.5-mile run throughout training so this principle would assist in the Army in doing that.
The third principle is overload and is related to progression. Overload is when the body works harder than normal so that there is some pain and discomfort on the body. Improvements will come from this because the body will respond to this. This principle would help in the army if soldiers were required to work physically for long periods because it will force the body to work harder and it would help their ability to walk for long periods for example. Overload can be gained by using the FITT programme, which can help achieve the overload principle. FITT stands for Frequency, intensity, time and type.
Frequency is the number of training sessions each week and is important that you train enough in order to improve. Intensity is how hard you work and this is important because you have to train hard enough to get results. The time or how long the training session lasts is also very important as training for the right amount of time can get the required results. Lastly the last one is the type of training.
This program would be beneficial in the army as if it is important for example, to train regularly to get the right standard of fitness in order to pass the tests that are require to join the army. (Honeybourne, 2003, p108)If a person stops training for any reason or does too much they could actually lose the fitness that they have gained. This comes under the 'reversibility' principle.
This could relate in the Army if people that have been on operation for a while and have been unable to train so people could lose muscle size or their stamina. The last principle is variance and this means that training should be different and not predictable. If training is boring and predictable then people can lose their motivation and therefore training may not be beneficial because they may not be improving. This principle could assist the army because sport could be used as part of training giving variety. (Honeybourne, 2003, p107)
Task 2: P4: Review, explain and compare a number of fitness testing methods 5: Explain the principles of fitness testing methods There are a number of fitness tests and each are designed to test certain aspects of fitness i.e muscular endurance and press ups in a minute.
This task will look at three different tests and apply their worth in the public services. Speed is how fast our body can move and a test for this is a thirty-metre sprint. This is done by marking out a 30-metre distance and running as fast as possible from the start to the finish and recording the time taken. This would be important in the police if a police officer had to catch a criminal. (Hodder and Stoughton 2000, p102)
Cardiovascular endurance is to do with how long the body can work for over a period of time. Measuring a person's 'VO2 max' can assess this and this is the maximum amount of oxygen that a person can take in and use per minute. The multi stage fitness test is a good way of testing the vo2 maximum. This is a test that starts easily then gets harder. In this test people have to run 20 metres as many times as possible and keeping in time to the bleeps from a cassette tape.
Each shuttle (20 metres) should be timed so that the person reaches the end line when the bleep sounds. There are different levels that get more difficult as you progress through and the speed that you run has to increase, as the levels get higher. You have to keep running until you can't keep up with the bleeps and if you don't reach the line before the bleep then you should stop doing the tests and the level plus the shuttle number should be recorded. This test would be important in the police or example, if an officer was required to chase a criminal for a long time. (Hodder and Stoughton 2000, p103)
Finally the last test is related to muscular endurance and the ability of the muscle to work repeatedly an in this case the ones of in the upper body including deltoids and triceps. This test involves doing as many pull-ups. Pull-ups involve putting the forearms over a horizontal bar and pulling your self up so that your chin goes over then going down until your arms are not quite extended.
This could be important in the army if a soldier need to pull himself up over an object because they would have to be able to pull their body weight up and this test could be important for that. (Hodder and Stoughton 2000, p102) In college we completed three fitness tests and these included the grip strength test including s grip dynamometer, the chin up test (how many you can do) and the press up test (how many you can do). All of these tests have been explained earlier. The handgrip test has to be done three times and the best score recorded.